Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is not caused by an autoimmune response; the body does not attack itself. Student’s with type 2 diabetes still have beta cells in the pancreas that make and release the hormone insulin.

Initially, type 2 diabetes is when cells in the body do not use insulin effectively; the cells become resistant to insulin. For the body to maintain glucose control, the beta cells respond by making and releasing a greater amount of insulin.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition

Over time cells become overworked and tired, they start to make and release less insulin. As a result blood glucose levels rise.

Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in adolescent students. Management usually involves lifestyle modifications and occasionally medication.

Type 2 diabetes in a school setting can be supported by trained staff. Daily support needs may include glucose monitoring, oral medication or giving insulin.