Type 1 diabetes is a serious condition caused by an autoimmune response where the body’s defense system destroys the cells that produce the hormone insulin. As a result, the body produces no insulin.
We need to have insulin to stay alive.
Type 1 diabetes can affect individuals of any age, however, a higher incidence occurs in children and young adults. The cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, currently there is no known cure, however, it is manageable.
Glucose is the main source of energy used by the body and it is derived from carbohydrates consumed. The body converts carbohydrates into glucose, which is then absorbed into the bloodstream. Rising blood glucose levels would normally cause insulin to be produced and released into the bloodstream. Insulin works like a key opening a door, it allows glucose to enter the cells.
In type 1 diabetes, there are no cells to make and release insulin. There are no keys to open doors to allow glucose to enter cells. As a result, blood glucose levels rise.
A student’s glucose levels in a school setting can be supported by trained staff. Daily support needs include glucose monitoring and the administration of insulin.